WordBrewery’s Spanish Fundamentals Course: Lesson 5

Welcome to Lesson Five of WordBrewery’s Spanish Fundamentals series. We have scoured thousands of recent Spanish-language news articles and chosen 300 sentences from them to teach you the essentials of Spanish grammar and vocabulary. We have also had native speakers record audio of each sentence, and we’ve created an Anki deck where you can practice these and other sentences.

This post assumes knowledge of previous lessons in the Spanish Fundamentals series; each post defines only words that are appearing for the first time in the series.

Have you started studying real Spanish sentences on your own with WordBrewery yet? If not, go sign up and try it now (the first 50 sentences per month are free). Each sentence you understand and practice brings you one step closer to fluency.

23. ¡Gracias por ser y estar!

¡Gracias! Thank you!
  • This is an idiom—a set phrase—that means approximately the same thing as “Thank you for everything.” (Literally, it means something like “Thank you for being and being!”)

24. Y somos mucho más que eso.

  • somos we are (note: like soy (“am”) and es (“is”), this is a form of the word ser, “to be.”)
  • más more

25. Son las dos cosas.

dos two
cosa thing
los dos both

26. Soy como una abuela.

abuela grandmother
como like

27. Eres uno más en el grupo.

eres You are (familiar form; addressing a single person that the speaker knows well).

Grammar notes

In Lesson 3, we met the sentence ¡Yo no soy así! and learned that soy means “I am.” We saw this word again in Lesson 4 with the sentence Yo no soy tu amigo, eh. We have also seen the word es (“is”) a number of times in sentences like these:

La verdad es que no. Eso también es verdad. Un minuto es la vida.  
Eso es la vida. Y no es así. Y no solo eso.  
Y eso es bueno. Bueno, no es así. Pero no lo sé. Eso es un error.

By the way, if you can’t read all of those sentences quickly and fluently with 100% understanding, please go back and review the earlier lessons.

"What if soy milk is just milk introducing itself in Spanish?"

Spanish verbs use different forms—called inflections or conjugations—depending on the subject of the sentence. English uses verb conjugations, too: English speakers say “I am” but “you are and “she is.” “Am,” “are,” and “is” are all forms of the verb to be. If someone erroneously said “He am American,” a listener would understand (but immediately recognize the mistake). To fluent English speakers, “I am” sounds correct and “He am” sounds wrong. As you build your fluency in Spanish, you will gradually begin to recognize that “Yo soy” means “I am,” and it would be unthinkable to say “Yo es” or “Yo somos.” The best way to accelerate this process is to learn the rules in the context of real example sentences such as those on this blog and on WordBrewery.

The most common verbs in Spanish are ser and estar, which both mean “to be” but are used in different contexts. You are probably familiar with the common Spanish greeting ¿Cómo estás? (“How are you?”). Estás is a form of estar. In this post, we used all of these forms of ser. If you master these example sentences and keep practicing new ones, you will learn verb conjugation without having to memorize tables of verb endings.

The forms of ser in the present tense:

(yo) soy I am
(tú) eres you are (familiar; speaking to one person)
(usted, es) es you are (formal); he/she/it is
(nosotros) somos we are
(ustedes, ellos, ellas) son you (plural) are; they are

Finally, try the last few sentences on your own; all of the words in these sentences are either cognates or were defined in one of the Spanish Fundamentals posts:

28. ¿Y eso es un error?

29. Es un buen grupo.

30. Creo que los dos.

31. Es la hora de la verdad.