WordBrewery’s Spanish Fundamentals Course: Lesson 4

Welcome to Lesson Four of WordBrewery’s Spanish Fundamentals series. We have scoured thousands of recent Spanish-language news articles and chosen 300 sentences from them to teach you the essentials of Spanish grammar and vocabulary. We have also had native speakers record audio of each sentence, and we’ve created an Anki deck where you can practice these and other sentences.

This post assumes knowledge of previous lessons in the Spanish Fundamentals series; each post defines only words that are appearing for the first time in the series.

Have you started studying real Spanish sentences on your own with WordBrewery yet? If not, go sign up and try it now (the first 50 sentences per month are free). Each sentence you understand and practice brings you one step closer to fluency.

17. ¿Cual es tu secreto?

cual which, what
tu your

18. Yo no soy su amigo, eh.

amigo friend
su his, hers, or yours

19. ¿Entre tú y yo?

entre between
you (speaking to a single person you know well)

20. Eso no existe para ellos.

para for
ellos them

Grammar notes: the personal subject pronouns

The English personal subject pronouns are I, you, and he. These are pronouns because they substitute for nouns. They are subject pronouns because they refer to the subject of the sentence (as opposed to the object.

Personal pronouns are often omitted in Spanish because it is usually clear whom the speaker is talking about from the form of the verb or the context of the sentence.

Singular (the subject of the sentence is a single person or thing)

yo I
you (familiar; speaking to one person whom you know well)
usted you (formal; speaking to one person whom you do not know well)
él he
ella she

Plural (the subject of the sentence is one or more persons or things)

nosotros we
ustedes you (plural; speaking to more than one person)
ellos they (a group including at least one man)
ellas they (a group including only women)


  • The accented ú in distinguishes the subject pronoun (“you”) from the possessive pronoun tu (“your”). Compare the two sentences above: ¿Entre tú y yo? vs. ¿Cual es tu secreto?

  • The accented é in él distinguishes the pronoun él (“he”) from the article él (“the”). Compare: El niño es americano (the boy is American) vs. Él es americano (He is American)

  • There are two other forms of “you” to be aware of:

vos you (singular)
  • Vos is used as a substitute for in some Latin American dialects. Since is used in all varieties of Spanish, this course will focus on and ignore vos.
vosotros you (plural)
  • Vosotros is used only in Spain (Castilian Spanish as opposed to Latin American Spanish). Since ustedes is used in all varieties of Spanish, we will ignore vosotros and its verb forms in this course. This will save you some time and effort with learning Spanish grammar and verb forms.

Finally, try the last two sentences on your own; all of the words in these sentences are either cognates or were defined in one of the Spanish Fundamentals posts:

21. Entre ellos, tres niños.

22. Pero es imposible, imposible.

Learn more about the grammar and vocabulary that appears in this post’s sentences:

This post is part of WordBrewery’s Spanish Fundamentals series, which is described here. All the example sentences on this blog are real, recent sentences from the news selected from WordBrewery’s database, and each sentence is paired with audio recorded by native speakers. Click here to receive new WordBrewery Blog posts by email or RSS, and click here to join our email community. Your support helps us grow and build more useful features and content for language learners around the world.