Spanish Fundamentals #3
Some more easy but real Spanish sentences from the news
Welcome to Lesson Three of WordBrewery’s Spanish Fundamentals series. We have scoured thousands of recent Spanish-language news articles and chosen 500 sentences from them to teach you the essentials of Spanish grammar and vocabulary.
This post assumes knowledge of previous lessons in the Spanish Fundamentals series; each post defines only words that are appearing for the first time in the series.
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8. Pero no lo sé.
|sé||I know (from saber, to know)|
The sentence contains several useful patterns that you will want to remember:
Pero . . . = But . . .
No sé = I don’t know
Lo sé = I know it
No lo sé = I don’t know (it)
Grammar note: “Lo”
“Lo” is a pronoun. A pronoun is a general word that replaces a specific noun or noun phrase. For example, the pronoun “she” (ella) might be used instead of a woman’s name.
More specifically, “lo” is a direct object pronoun. In this sentence, it answers the question: “What does the speaker not know?” See a more in-depth explanation of direct objects.
9. No, no lo creo.
|creo||I believe (from creer, to believe)|
Pay attention to the usage of “lo” again here. In this sentence, “lo” answers the question: what did the speaker believe?
We will discuss verb conjugation in future lessons. For now, notice a few things about this sentence:
The word yo, meaning “I”, is omitted.
“Creo” means “I believe”; it is a first person form of the verb creer, which means “to believe.”
Because “creo” means “I believe” and not just “believe,” Spanish speakers ordinarily do not specify the pronoun “yo” (“I”) separately unless they want to emphasize that they are talking about themselves.
English speakers often overuse the personal pronouns I, you, and he/she/it in other languages because English verbs do not change form depending on who is performing the action of the verb.
10. ¡Yo no soy así!
We met this word in the discussion above. Here, the speaker has chosen to use the pronoun to emphasize that they are talking about themselves.
|soy||I am (from ser, “to be”)|
11. ¿Por qué lo hace?
Pay attention to the usage of “lo” again here. In this sentence, “lo” answers the question: what did he/she/it do?
|¿Por qué?||Why? (lit. “For what?”)|
|hace||he/she/it does (from hacer, to do)|
Use the tools you have learned to read the last three sentences on your own
12. ¿Y no solo eso?
13. Eso es un error.
14. Yo creo que no.
Learn more about the grammar and vocabulary that appears in this post’s sentences
This post is part of WordBrewery’s Spanish Fundamentals series, which is described here. All the example sentences on this blog are real, recent sentences from the news selected from WordBrewery’s database, and each sentence is paired with audio recorded by native speakers. Click here to receive new WordBrewery Blog posts by email or RSS, and click here to join our email community. Your support helps us grow and build more useful features and content for language learners around the world.
WordBrewery Spanish Fundamentals post index:
This post is part of WordBrewery’s Spanish Fundamentals series, which is described here. All the Spanish example sentences on this blog are real, recent sentences from the news selected from WordBrewery’s database, and each sentence is paired with audio recorded by native speakers.